Geography of Iran

EltezamNews - Geography of Iran Continent: AsiaRegion: Western AsiaCoordinates: 32°00'N, 53°00'EArea: Ranked 18th• Total 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi)• Land: 99.27%• Water : 0.73%Coastline 2,440 km (1,520 mi)Borders Total land borders:5,440 km (3,380 mi)Afghanistan:936 km (582 mi)Armenia:35 km (22 mi)Azerbaijan (proper):432 km (268 mi)Azerbaijan (Nakhchivan exclave):179 km (111 mi)Iraq:1,458 km (906 mi)Pakistan:909 km (565 mi)Turkey:499 km (310 mi)Turkmenistan:992 km (616 mi)Highest point Mount Damavand5,610 m (18,406 ft)Lowest point : Caspian Sea−28 m (−91.9 ft)Longest river : Karun Largest lake: Lake Urmia
Geography of Iran

EltezamNews – Geography of Iran

Continent: Asia
Region: Western Asia
Coordinates: 32°۰۰’N, 53°۰۰’E
Area: Ranked 18th
• Total 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi)
• Land: 99.27%
• Water : 0.73%
Coastline 2,440 km (1,520 mi)
Borders Total land borders:
۵,۴۴۰ km (3,380 mi)
۹۳۶ km (582 mi)
۳۵ km (22 mi)
Azerbaijan (proper):
۴۳۲ km (268 mi)
Azerbaijan (Nakhchivan exclave):
۱۷۹ km (111 mi)
۱,۴۵۸ km (906 mi)
۹۰۹ km (565 mi)
۴۹۹ km (310 mi)
۹۹۲ km (616 mi)
Highest point Mount Damavand
۵,۶۱۰ m (18,406 ft)
Lowest point : Caspian Sea
−۲۸ m (−۹۱٫۹ ft)
Longest river : Karun
 Largest lake: Lake Urmia

Geographically, Iran is located in West Asia and borders the Caspian Sea, Persian Gulf, and Gulf of Oman. Its mountains have helped to shape both the political and the economic history of the country for several centuries. The mountains enclose several broad basins, or plateaus, on which major agricultural and urban settlements are located. Until the 20th century, when major highways and railroads were constructed through the mountains to connect the population centers, these basins tended to be relatively isolated from one another.

Typically, one major town dominated each basin, and there were complex economic relationships between the town and the hundreds of villages that surrounded it. In the higher elevations of the mountains rimming the basins, tribally organized groups practiced transhumance, moving with their herds of sheep and goats between traditionally established summer and winter pastures. There are no major river systems in the country, and historically transportation was by means of caravans that followed routes traversing gaps and passes in the mountains. The mountains also impeded easy access to the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea.

With an area of 1,648,000 square kilometres (636,000 sq mi), Iran ranks eighteenth in size among the countries of the world.

Iran shares its northern borders with three post-Soviet states: Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan. These borders extend for more than 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi), including nearly 650 kilometres (400 mi) of water along the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. Iran’s western borders are with Turkey in the north and Iraq in the south, terminating at the Shatt al-Arab, which Iranians call the Arvand Rud.

The Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman littorals form the entire 1,770 kilometres (1,100 mi) southern border. To the east lie Afghanistan on the north and Pakistan on the south. Iran’s diagonal distance from Azerbaijan in the northwest to Sistan and Baluchestan Province in the southeast is approximately 2,333 kilometres (1,450 mi).

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